Using iPads in a London School
The methodology used for this particular case study followed the Vital Case Study Methodology process as described here: Research_Strategy
Overview of the school
This selective fee-paying mixed London school with 1200 pupils from 4 to 18 accepts SEN children and offers scholarships. In a beautiful forest setting the historic school offers a broad curriculum in Sport, Music, Drama and Visual Arts as well as extra curricula activities enabling both breadth and depth of opportunity.
ICT infrastructure and resources
Overall infrastructure and resources
The ratio of staff to pcs is 1:1 and for students to pcs 1:2 with good technical support; 8 computer suites and computers and IWBs in each classroom; Apple TV and large screens in main halls and meeting rooms. The intranet is widely used by staff and students. Wifi now available to staff and sixth form will soon be available to all.
A new Digital Learning Centre is planned to be the corner stone of a knowledge community by 2013/2014. Currently 6th Form facilities upgraded to include collaboration desks/shareable screens and charging stations in a collaboration area. 32 staff applied for a discount on iPads and workshops. 123 staff have laptops from school and, in effect, enjoy 1:1 computing if they wish.
Overview of the initiative
The SLT decided to implement BYOD/BYOTcautiously in the sixth form, with low impact and attendant risk as part of the move to the new Digital Learning Centre in 2013/14 – a hybrideducator-librarian for transmedia development is now required to work with the architect. Meanwhile a strategic BYOD/BYOT planningprocess with SLT was based on a survey of devices owned by parents and pupils and other research. Voluntary involvement for pupils and teachers was agreed in the first stage especially as the market for devices is in flux. The Network Support team investigated wireless access and security options in other settings. The pilot was intended to find a way of introducing more independent learning in preparation forgreater freedom in tertiary education. The SLT also wanted to explore otherpotential teaching and learning opportunities, constraints and challenges. An ICT strategist with a Masters in Business Administration specialising in the systemic integration of socialand technical processes in organisations is employed to run the wider project with the director of teaching and learning. In the pilot of BYOD/BYOT 32 staff have trialled sets of discounted iPads in the Prep School, in Modern Foreign Languages, Music,Computer Science and Geography. Observation and informal workshop sessions suggest staff see advantages in administration, personal organisation and lesson preparation, but learning and teaching advantages are not as apparent yet. Pupils report in journals easier internet research, better opportunities for collaboration on projects and excellent facilities for viewing each others’ work in progress. Knowledge is growing because the pupils and the teachers have been sharing ideas for software relevant to learning, particularly Apps for education.
The project has deliberately been started slowly in the Sixth Form because the risks to be avoided from the organisational point of view were:
- A sudden influx of new devices might be too challenging for teachers;
- Too sudden introduction of devices might place strain on networks;
- Theft and loss of devices might occur and appropriate use codes be abused.
Financial advantage can be gauged from a Computer Science example. The department can now afford for each student to work on their choice of computer language using a free orvery low cost App. In contrast a licence for each language for the school networkwould be about £1,500 so only one could be offered.
The impact on pupils has been greater below the sixth form where they lobbied to be involved. The journals and concept maps submitted indicate a depth, sophistication and level of use of devices that many teachers would find surprising. Personal organisation and research was a major benefit, but distraction in class was a concern of the digital leaders.
From the point of view of staff, barriers or obstacles that are being addressed are;
- teachers’ fears of lack of control or impact on discipline: in this case teachers can are encouraged to decide at any time whether devices are to be used in class, or not;
- teachers’ feeling overwhelmed: in this case BYOD was initially limited to 6th form and there is still no enforced curriculum use.* A MFL teacher was disturbed by inappropriate exchanges from students abroad in a class project: she was given the Code of Conduct that pupils must sign.
Another teacher with a Masters in digital technologies and learning who updates his knowledge by belonging to a online teachers’community, has been examining his own classroom practice in detail using iPads. He thinks that the potential impact of BYOD/BYOT in facilitating collaborative learning could be as great as the expected impact on independent learning. Ultimately he supports a shift to Flipped Classrooms and suggests an action research programme for staff might increase the opportunities to rethink the school’s teaching and learning policies. Current assessment is a major barrier, however, in an academically orientated school.
Key lessons learnt
Overall key lessons from the pilot are:
- All teachers must be acquainted with the Code of Conduct that pupils’ must sign if working online;
- While pupils are comfortable using personal devices in the other aspects of their lives, they appear to struggle a little with integrating this into school/learning;
- Flexible environments are important in making it easy and workable to have and manage own devices in and between classrooms;
- More public communication with pupils and parents is recommended in the next stage to ensure their enthusiasm.
In addition, most of the recommendations related to the encouragement and training of the teachers so that they can support pupils effectively in using technology under their guidance. The pupil focus group agreed that some teachers in the pilot were not aware that time-wasting activities were happening. More teachers need appropriate strategies to deal with these behaviours including getting control early and moving around the classroom. The pupil focus group also thought that there should be more acknowledgement at the start of the next stage of tech-savvy pupils who are keen to be a resource for staff and pupils.
Overall training about the technicalities should be balanced in the next stage by more formal training for teachers about classroom management and pedagogical advantage. Some teachers wanted to start action research on the pedagogical value of the devices that is still to be discovered.