Definition of Terms

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This explains some of the terms we are using in EdFutures.net - to help us be consistent and clear. Where a link is provided that takes you to the definition (we are trying to avoid defining terms in multiple places!) NOTE: Since the website was set up some of the terminology has changed - and it is likely that not all uses of terms have been updated accordingly! For example, the use of the term ICT has changed three times since the website was set up ...


1:1 computing refers to every learner having ‘personal ownership’ of an internet enabled computing device. The school specifies what the device will be, and coordinates their provision. Every learner will have ‘the same’ device. The devices may be purchased by the school, leased by parents, or bought outright by parents.


BCS - The British Computer Society


Bliki - A bliki is a blog in a wiki. i.e. it is a set of dated entries in reverse chronological order - the entry with the most recent date is at the top.


Booki - A booki is a book in a wiki.


Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) refers learners being able bring any mobile computing device in to school and connect it to the school network, so long as they have registered the device in advance with the school. This usually involves registering the MAC address of the device with the school. The school restricts access to the network and manages which facilities the pupil/device can utilise.

Find out more


Bring Your Own Technology (BYOT) refers to learners being able to bring any mobile computing device in to school and connect it to the school network, without having to register the device in advance. In practice this usually involves connecting the device to the internet via the school wifi connection.

As yet we have failed to identify any schools in England that are adopting a BYOT (as opposed to BYOD) approach. Having said that, the following is an example of a BYOT (as opposed to BYOD) case study -- but then it is a college:

BYOT Case Study -- New College, Swindon

Find out more


CAS - Computing at School


Cloud computing refers to the delivery of some computing applications, services and storage to users from ‘the cloud’ (something that can generally be thought of as an extension of the internet), rather than from a local computer or server. Read more Cloud computing.


DfE - Department for Education


Digital technology refers to the hardware, software and technological infrastructure. See Digital technology


Embedded technology refers the use of digital technology within a subject which reflects the ways in which digital technology has changed the nature of that discipline. Find out more.


Flipped classrooms refers to a situation in which new technology (the internet, videos) is being used to support learning (often outside 'class time') in order to allow the teacher to spend more time interacting with pupils. Thus rather than 'class time' being used for 'teacher input' (didactic/whole class teaching) it is used for discussion, activities and interaction.

Synonymous terms include: flipped teaching; backwards classrooms; reverse instruction.


ICT is short for Information and Communication Technology. Historically ICT has been used to refer to: a subject in the English National Curriculum (which has now been replaced by a subject called Computing), the use of digital technology to enhance teaching and learning across the curriculum (which we now refer to as 'Pedagogical use of ICT' or PICT), and the digital technology itself (which is how we are now using the term). Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is the name of a subject, which in England is seen as consisting of three strands: Digital Literacy, IT, and Computer Science.


IT - Information Technology


ITE - Initial Teacher Education


ITTE - The Association of IT in Teacher Education


MOOC - A MOOC (a massively open online course) is a model for delivering learning content online to virtually any person who wants to get to know any course they want without making a payment to the institution providing it. MOOC platforms usually partnered with universities whose professors provide range of courses for hundreds of thousands of students online.


Naace = ?


RAEng - Royal Academy of Engineering


Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) - the use of digital technology to enhance pedagogy (how we teach). In other words, TEL is concerned with how digital technology can change/extend the ways in which learning is supported (teaching/pedagogy). For example, video-conferencing technology can facilitate conversation with distant native speakers for modern language learners. See TEL

YOTS - The Your Own Technology Survey (YOTS) is a tool to help schools and researchers better understand the technology available to students, and how that technology might be utilized to enhance educational outcomes.